Variety Info


A T Eyles & Sons, as specialist citrus nursery tree growers, have the following wide range of citrus

varieties available. Many are on a range of rootstocks that may adapt trees to varying soil, climatic
or growing conditions/situation and they may also be available in a range of container sizes with
the 15 litre the most common.


SWEET ORANGES

Navelina (NEW): a small to medium sized tree. Earliest maturing navel (April), slightly oval
shaped with a thin, deep orange rind, medium to large fruit, good flavour.


Washington navel: a mid season, sweet seedless variety maturing in early winter
(May- June): its large excellent eating fruit is easy to peel and segment and holds on the tree
for several months under favourable conditions. Trees of medium vigour and size.


Lane Late navel: has all the eating qualities of seedless navels, but colours and matures later

in August. Valencia: a late, seeded variety that matures from September, and will hold on the
tree for six months under favourable growing conditions. Fruit of medium sizes, thin skinned
and suitable for fresh juicing.


Seedless Valencia: similar to the normal Valencia, but with few seeds and slightly earlier
maturity (August).


Joppa & Mediteranean Sweet: are seedy mid season maturing oranges (July-August), with
thin skins, reliable cropping and high juice content and good flavour.


Maltese Blood: an old variety with limited but distinctive rind/flesh pigmentation and flavour.
Matures mid season (July-September), seedy. Medium sized tree.


Arnold Blood: has darker and more consistent rind/flesh pigmentation. Matures mid season
(July-September) with medium sized fruit and loose rind.



GRAPEFRUITS

Marsh: a near seedless large fruit, with straw coloured flesh. Can be harvested from July, but
is sweeter if left on the tree until spring-summer.


Wheeny: large seedy fruit, light straw coloured flesh, maturing June-July, with a distinct

lemon flavour. Star Ruby, Rio Red and Ray (NEW): recently imported pigmented varieties.
The degree of rind, flesh and juice varying from pink-red, depending on growing conditions.


MANDARINS and related hybrids

Japanese Seedless (with two varieties to choose from).
Miho satsuma : very early maturing but with only a short harvest period from early April,
easy peel seedless mandarin with smaller fruit and good flavour.
OR Okitsu satsuma : medium sized, spreading tree. Very early maturing with a limited
harvest period mid April, easy peel, seedless, large flatter fruit, good flavour.

Nules clementine : heavy cropper of deep orange-coloured fruit which is seedless and
matures in early April-May. Vigorous very productive trees.


Imperial: an early variety that matures in May. Tree is vigorous with upright growth habit.
Fruit small-medium sized, peels easily and a distinctive flavour.


Thorny: a mid season maturing mandarin in June-July. Small fruit is soft, good
flavoured-sweet and easily peeled. Tree has small narrow leaves and few thorns.


Emperor: a mid season variety that matures between June –August. Fruit is large with
good flavour, easily peeled orange rind and segmented, with few seeds.


Minneola tangelo: tree is vigorous. Fruit matures mid season (July-August), has a
distinct neck and thin tight bright reddish orange rind. A distinctive flavour (tart-like
grapefruit), very juicy and few seeds.


Ellendale: late maturing in August-October. Fruit is flat, large, smooth tighter rind,
seedy, juicy and a rich flavour.


Honey Murcott: a moderately vigorous bushy tree. Late maturing, medium sized fruit in
August-October, with a smooth, firm thin yellow-orange rind, high juice content, excellent
rich flavour, and contains seeds.


Seminole tangelo: tree is vigorous. Fruit seedy, medium sized, round with a thin,
tight deep reddish-orange rind. Matures late (September-October) and juicy-acid flavour.


Jamaican tangerine–Ortanique: a vigorous spreading tree and late maturing
(September-November).
Fruit medium sizes, seedy, with orange tight rind, juicy.


Afourer (NEW):
Afourer is new to our range, a delicious, popular mandarin and a handsome moderate growing tree. Afourer produces squat, medium sized fruit with deep orange coloured flesh and rind, it peels easily and is very low in seed.
The fruit is juicy with an intense honey mandarin flavour. Afourer is rag free.



LEMONS

Eureka: tree has few thorns and a moderately vigorous spreading habit. Ideal for the home
garden as several crops are produced per year (winter, spring and summer). Fruit medium
sized, thin yellow rind, few seeds and high acid - juice content.

Eureka Seedless Lemon: The Seedless Eureka Lemon was originally developed for commercial citrus growers, catering to the domestic and international demand for a seedless lemon. After a decade of development and extensive trials, the seedless Eureka is now available to Australian Gardeners for their seed free pleasure and lemon tangy delight.


Lisbon: tree is vigorous, large, upright spreading with dense foliage, more thorns and has
some cold tolerance. Tends to have one heavy crop per year in winter- spring. Fruit smooth,
less necked - otherwise similar to Eureka.


Meyer: small compact tree, more cold-tolerant than other lemons. The fruit, produced
throughout the year (but mostly winter-spring), is almost orange in colour, has a high juice
content and a mild, low-acid flavour.


Lemonade: a vigorous, heavy cropping tree with fruit similar in appearance to a lemon.
Mainly matures in winter, easy to peel and segment, but with a lower acid ‘lemonade’ flavour
when eaten fresh or juiced.





LIMES


Tahiti:
trees are upright, medium sized, and nearly thornless. Fruit resembles a small lemon
but less cold hardy and with a very thin rind. Flesh is seedless and pale green in colour.
Main crop matures autumn-spring and usually harvested with silver/light green rind colour.


West Indian: tree bushy, less vigorous with many small thorns, frost susceptible. A true
lime, fruit is smaller, rounder with very thin rinds, green flesh, seedy. Flavour very
acidic-strong lime aroma. Main crop matures summer-ongoing; with dark green-yellow rinds.


Sweet (acidless): fruit round, medium-sized, smooth, thin orange-yellow rind. Single crop
maturing winter, with good juice content, few seeds but an insipid taste due to low acidity.


Kaffir: small tree with shrub like growth and many thin branches. Frost susceptible.
Fruit has a thick rough rind, lacks juice, very seedy and acidic-little value-maturing in winter.
Distinctive shaped fresh or dried leaves widely used to flavour-garnish Asian style cooking.


Rainforest Pearl (Finger lime): Cylindrical, finger sized and shaped fruit.
Fruit is usually produced in autumn. Fragrant thin green skin blushed with crimson.
Slice fruit open to reveal a vault of glistening citrus pearls bursting with juicy limey
flavours. Originating from the understory Rainforest Pearl naturally enjoys dappled
light, although performs best in full sun, in a warm protected location.Use the citrus
pearls as a delicious garnish for seafood and shellfish, use fruit whole or sliced when
making tangy marmalades and sauces. (Protected by PBR).


CITRUS GEMS - NATIVE CITRUS

Rainforest Pearl (Finger lime): Citrus Gems Cylindrical, finger sized and shaped fruit. Fruit is usually produced in autumn. Fragrant thin green skin blushed with crimson. Slice fruit open to reveal a vault of glistening citrus pearls bursting with juicy limey flavours. Originating from the understory Rainforest Pearl naturally enjoys dappled light, although performs best in full sun, in a warm protected location.Use the citrus pearls as a delicious garnish for seafood and shellfish, use fruit whole or sliced when making tangy marmalade's and sauces.


Judy’s Everbearing: Citrus Gems Judy’s Everbearing produces cylindrical, finger sized shaped fruit, from summer into autumn, and it is not uncommon to have occasional fruit appear through out the year. Judy’s Everbearing produces excellent crops of tasty finger limes, with a very dark green skin, full of glistening citrus pearls.The fruit colour may vary in accordance to climatic region.Originating from the understory, Judy’s Everbearing naturally enjoys a dappled light, although performs best in full sun in a warm protected location.Use the citrus pearls as a delicious garnish for seafood and shellfi sh. Use the fruit whole or sliced when making tangy marmalade's and sauces.

Sunrise Lime: Citrus Gems Sunrise Lime is a cross between a finger lime and calamondin and produces an elegant pear-shaped golden fruit that is juicy and sharp in flavour.The fruit can be eaten whole as the skin and pith is sweet. Sunrise Lime makes a beautiful ornamental plant choice for pots or garden plantings.Winter fruiting. Developed by the CSIRO.

Desert Lime: Citrus Gems high yielding tree that produces grape sized, lemon like fruit with a wild taste of lime.Desert limes usually appear in summer.The sweet tangy fruit has a very thin skin and requires no peeling, just slice it or use the whole fruit to make a zesty lime pickle or marmalade – macerate fruit in a sugar syrup or pop one into your icy cold beer for an Australian twist on a Mexican tradition.Desert Limes are extraordinarily tolerant of dry conditions.

Red Centre Lime (Australian Blood Lime): Citrus Gems Red Centre Lime, also known as the Australian Blood Lime, is a cross between a finger lime and a mandarin that produces lustrous red, egg shaped fruit about the size of a cumquat. The combination of ruby red skin with a luscious red citrus pulp and a tangy pink juice makes Red Centre Lime the perfect addition to your garden and fruit bowl.Winter fruiting. Developed by the CSIRO.

 

CALAMONDINS

Green & Variegated: trees have moderate vigour and highly productive, making them ideal
for ornamentals and tub growing. Fruit medium sized, with thin, loose, bright orange rind,
few seeds and acidic. Used to garnish food (like lemons-lime), marmalade, in liqueurs or
candied. The variegated variety is the same except with variegated leaf colouring and
immature fruit.



CUMQUATS

Nagami (oval) & Meiwa (round): are small bushy trees cold hardy, and ideal for ornamental
and container growing. Blossom late (November) and deep orange fruit with few seeds,
matures over a long period. The juice is acidic, but the spicy outer rind and sweeter albedo
gives a pleasant flavour if eaten whole, candied, or in marmalade.



MISCELLANEOUS

Buddha’s Hand citron: unusual and interesting as the fruit is split down its length into a
number of ‘finger-like’ sections, resembling a human hand. It lacks flesh, juice or seed
development. Uses include ornaments in religious ceremonies, perfuming rooms and clothing.


Bergamot
: a distinctive characteristic of both fruit and foliage is the strongly pungent and
agreeable perfume and unique aromatic oil (essence). This essence is used in a vast range
of perfume and pharmaceutical products.


Pummelo
: the largest of the citrus fruit, with yellow-green and thick rind. Lack the bitter
flavour and have similar uses to grapefruit-breakfast fruit or juice.

Seville (sour/bitter) orange: this variety maturing in late winter, has a very bitter-acidic
flavour and used extensively for marmalade.


Chinotto
: is a sour orange, with small, rough rind, bright orange-red fruits maturing in
winter. Mainly used as an ornamental shrub/patio tree, and the fruit can be used for marmalade.


Rangpur
: an attractive mandarin-lime variety, with bright orange coloured fruit which is acidic
and suitable only for drinks. Tree is a prolific winter bearer and cold hardy.



ROOTSTOCKS

Citrus trees are propagated by budding the variety/scion onto specially grown and
suitable-compatible rootstocks. All the listed varieties are generally available on a range of
rootstocks i.e. P. trifoliata, Swingle citrumelo, Cox hybrid, and Troyer or Carrizo citrange.

Different rootstocks will help adapt citrus to varying climatic (cold) and soil conditions i.e.
light-sandy,
heavy-clay, alkaline, phytophthora root rot-replant or nematode sites.









Orange-2

Marsh

Grape-Fruit-2

Mandarin-2

Lemon

Lisbon

Kaffir

Calamondin

Nagami

Buddhas-Hand

Pummelo
ESLa cs-kaffirlime-lime cs-lemon-lime cs-mandarin-orange cs-orange-lime g-desert-lime g-rainforest-pearl g-red-centre g-sunrise-lime JEa ps-meyer-lemon ps-eureka-lemon ps-emporar-mandarin ps-imperial-mandarin ps-kaffir-lime ps-tahati-lime ps-valencia-orange ps-washington-orange